Scorecard Diplomacy

By Judith G. Kelley

Grading States to Influence
Their Reputation and Behavior

What can the international community do when countries would rather ignore a thorny problem?

Scorecard Diplomacy: Grading State to Influence Their Reputation and Behavior by Judith G. Kelley (Cambridge University Press, 2017) shows that, despite lacking traditional force, public grades are potent symbols that can evoke countries’ concerns about their reputations and motivate them to address the problem. The book develops an unconventional but careful argument about the growing phenomenon of such ratings and rankings. It supports this by examining the United States’ foreign policy on human trafficking using a global survey of NGOs, case studies, thousands of diplomatic cables, media stories, 90 interviews worldwide, and other documents. All of this is gathered together in a format that walks the reader through the mechanisms of scorecard diplomacy, including an assessment of the outcomes. Scorecard Diplomacy speaks both to those keen to understand the pros and cons of US policy on human trafficking and to those interested in the central question of influence in international relations.

  Sample chapter

The Cycle of Scorecard Diplomacy

Praise for Scorecard Diplomacy

“Scorecard Diplomacy is social science at its best. Marshaling a wealth of material and methods, Judith G. Kelley explains why states care about reputations and how grading of their performances affects behavior.”

—Jonas Tallberg, Stockholms Universitet

  See more reviews

Supplementary data

Access all the data, code, case studies, and analysis used in the book.

  Case studies     Methods appendix

  Data, code, and analysis     Global survey of NGOs

Buy the book

  Amazon paperback     Amazon Kindle

  Cambridge paperback