What can the international community do when countries would rather ignore a thorny problem?
Scorecard Diplomacy: Grading State to Influence Their Reputation and Behavior by Judith G. Kelley (Cambridge University Press, 2017) shows that, despite lacking traditional force, public grades are potent symbols that can evoke countries’ concerns about their reputations and motivate them to address the problem. The book develops an unconventional but careful argument about the growing phenomenon of such ratings and rankings. It supports this by examining the United States’ foreign policy on human trafficking using a global survey of NGOs, case studies, thousands of diplomatic cables, media stories, 90 interviews worldwide, and other documents. All of this is gathered together in a format that walks the reader through the mechanisms of scorecard diplomacy, including an assessment of the outcomes. Scorecard Diplomacy speaks both to those keen to understand the pros and cons of US policy on human trafficking and to those interested in the central question of influence in international relations.
“Scorecard Diplomacy is social science at its best. Marshaling a wealth of material and methods, Judith G. Kelley explains why states care about reputations and how grading of their performances affects behavior.”
—Jonas Tallberg, Stockholms Universitet
Access all the data, code, case studies, and analysis used in the book.